Sugar Maple


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Sugar Maple

Acer saccharum

Description & Overview

The Wisconsin State Tree, Sugar Maple is one of the hardiest and long lived of all the maples. Valued commercially for timber and syrup production, this tree is a staple of Wisconsin woodlands and fall color. With fall color ranging from gold to orange and scarlet, Sugar Maple is a sight to behold! May also be known as Hard Maple, Rock Maple.

Core Characteristics

Wisconsin Native: Yes
USDA Hardiness Zone: to zone 3
Mature Height: 50-75 feet
Mature Spread: 50 feet
Growth Rate: Slow
Growth Form: Oval to Rounded Tree
Light Requirements: Full Sun
Site Requirements: Requires rich, uncompacted soil for best results
Flower: Insignificant, monoecious, yellow flowers on 2 inch pedicels
Bloom Period: April
Foliage: Medium Green
Fall Color: Gold, Orange, Scarlet
Urban Approved: No
Fruit Notes: Samara, turning yellow-green at maturity

Suggested Uses:

With its stately form and beautiful fall color, Sugar Maple is sure to make a statement when sited correctly. Do not plant in areas with heavy salt spray, high levels of air pollution, or compacted soils. Its mature size should also be accounted for, and should be sited at least 20 feet away from structures or power lines. Sugar Maple is excellent as a specimen or shade tree, and can be used to great effect along a driveway or path to make an allée.


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