Description & Overview
The Wisconsin State Tree, Sugar Maple is one of the hardiest and long lived of all the maples. Valued commercially for timber and syrup production, this tree is a staple of Wisconsin woodlands and fall color. With fall color ranging from gold to orange and scarlet, Sugar Maple is a sight to behold! May also be known as Hard Maple, Rock Maple.
Wisconsin Native: Yes
USDA Hardiness Zone: to zone 3
Mature Height: 50-75 feet
Mature Spread: 50 feet
Growth Rate: Slow
Growth Form: Oval to Rounded Tree
Light Requirements: Full Sun
Site Requirements: Requires rich, uncompacted soil for best results
Flower: Insignificant, monoecious, yellow flowers on 2 inch pedicels
Bloom Period: April
Foliage: Medium Green
Fall Color: Gold, Orange, Scarlet
Urban Approved: No
Fruit Notes: Samara, turning yellow-green at maturity
With its stately form and beautiful fall color, Sugar Maple is sure to make a statement when sited correctly. Do not plant in areas with heavy salt spray, high levels of air pollution, or compacted soils. Its mature size should also be accounted for, and should be sited at least 20 feet away from structures or power lines. Sugar Maple is excellent as a specimen or shade tree, and can be used to great effect along a driveway or path to make an allée.
Swamp White Oak
Quercus bicolor, commonly called Swamp White Oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown and a short trunk which typically grows at a moderate rate to a height of 50-60' (sometimes larger). Leaves are dark, shiny green above and silvery white beneath, with 5-10 rounded lobes or blunt teeth along the margins. Fall color is yellow, but sometimes reddish purple. Insignificant flowers in separate male and female catkins in spring. Fruits are acorns which mature in early fall. Indigenous to north, central, and eastern Missouri in moist to swampy locations in bottomlands and lowlands, such as along streams and lakes, valleys, floodplains and at the edge of swamps. Also has surprisingly good drought resistance.
Native Range: Northeastern North America
Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 50.00 to 60.00 feet
Spread: 50.00 to 60.00 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: Yellowish green
Sun: Full sun
Water: Medium to wet
Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden
Leaf: Good Fall
Tolerate: Wet Soil||Quercus rubra
Common Name: Northern Red Oak | Type: Tree
Family: Fagaceae | Native Range: Eastern North America
Zone: 4 to 8 | Height: 50.00 to 75.00 feet | Spread: 50.00 to 75.00 feet
Bloom Time: May | Bloom Description: Yellowish-green
Sun: Full sun | Water: Dry to medium
Maintenance: Low | Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree
Flower: Insignificant | Leaf: Good Fall
Tolerate: Drought, Dry Soil, Black Walnut, Air Pollution
Easily grown in average, dry to medium moisture, acidic soil in full sun. Prefers fertile, sandy, finely-textured soils with good drainage.
Quercus rubra, commonly called red oak or northern red oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree with a rounded to broad-spreading, often irregular crown. Typically grows at a moderate-to-fast rate to a height of 50-75' (often larger in the wild). Dark, lustrous green leaves (grayish-white beneath) with 7-11, toothed lobes which are sharply pointed at the tips. Leaves turn brownish-red in autumn. Insignificant flowers in separate male and female catkins appear in spring. Fruits are acorns (with flat, saucer-shaped cups) which mature in early fall. An abundant crop of acorns may not occur before this tree reaches 40 years old. A Missouri native tree which typically occurs on northern- and eastern-facing wooded slopes throughout the State.
Genus name comes from the classical Latin name for oak trees.
Specific epithet means red.
Generally a durable and long-lived tree. Susceptible to oak wilt which is a systemic fungal disease that has no cure. Chlorosis (yellowing of the leaves while the veins remain green) often occurs when soils are not sufficiently acidic.|
Acer platanoides 'Royal Red'
Royal Red Maple
The Royal Red Maple tree is the classic purple-leafed maple tree. It keeps its brilliant crimson color all summer long. It's a slow growing shade tree, but has a dense, broad oval form. This maple tree is extremely hardy. This maple tree does need well-drained soil. One of the more popular Norway maple tree types. Mature size is around 30-40' tall x 35' wide. Hardiness zone 4. This tree attracts game birds, squirrels, chipmunks, beaver, deer, and bears.
Attributes: Good Street Tree
Exposure: Full Sun
Foliage Color: Purple
Fall Foliage Color: Purple
Flower Characteristics: Yellow
Season of Interest (Flowering): Early Spring
Season of Interest (Foliage): Fall, Summer
Growth Rate: Moderate
Soil Moisture: Adaptable to Various Soils
Acer x freemanii 'Bailston'
Selected because of its improved habit and superior, deep red fall color, Matador™ is an unbeatable shade tree with an upright form and symmetrical branching.
Pruning: Late winter
Fertilizing: Balanced NPK
- Height: 40-45'
- Width: 20-40'
- Exposure: Full Sun
- Zone: 4-7
|Malus 'JFS-KW5' ROYAL RAINDROPS
Common Name: flowering crabapple | Type: Tree
Family: Rosaceae | Zone: 4 to 8
Height: 15.00 to 20.00 feet | Spread: 12.00 to 16.00 feet
Bloom Time: April | Bloom Description: Magenta-pink
Sun: Full sun | Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low | Suggested Use: Flowering Tree
Flower: Showy | Leaf: Colorful, Good Fall
Attracts: Birds, Butterflies | Fruit: Showy, Edible
Other: Winter Interest | Tolerate: Clay Soil, Air Pollution
Best grown in medium moisture, well-drained, acidic loams in full sun. Adapts to a wide range of soils. Established trees have some drought tolerance. Although some flowers may be lost, it is best to prune this tree as needed in late winter. Spring pruning should be avoided as it produces fresh, open cuts where fireblight bacterium can enter.
Malus is a genus of about 35 species of deciduous trees and shrubs from Europe, Asia and North America.
Genus name from Latin is an ancient name for apple.
‘JFS-KW5’, commonly sold under the trade name of ROYAL RAINDROPS, is an upright-spreading , disease-resistant, easy-to-grow, crabapple tree that features (1) deeply lobed purple foliage (early leaves may be entire) which retains excellent color throughout summer, (2) magenta-pink single flowers in spring (April in St. Louis), (3) tiny maroon-red crabapples (1/4" diameter) that mature in late summer and (4) excellent orange-red fall color. This small tree typically matures to 15-20’ tall and to 12-16' wide with a dense rounded canopy and excellent foliage density. Crabapples persist on the tree into early winter and are an attractive food source for birds. 'JFS-KW5' is an open-pollinated seedling of Malus transitoria 'Schmidtcutleaf'. U.S. Plant Patent PP14,375 was issued on December 16, 2003.
The main diseases of crabapple are scab, fire blight, rusts, leaf spot and powdery mildew. Potential insect pests are of lesser concern and include tent caterpillars, aphids, Japanese beetles, borers and scale. Spider mites may occur.
ROYAL RAINDROPS has good disease resistance to the main diseases of crabapples.|
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