|Content||Acer × freemanii 'Jeffersred' AUTUMN BLAZE
Common Name: Freeman maple | Type: Tree
Family: Sapindaceae | Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 40.00 to 55.00 feet | Spread: 30.00 to 40.00 feet
Bloom Time: Rarely flowers | Bloom Description: Greenish-yellow to red
Sun: Full sun to part shade | Water: Medium to wet
Maintenance: Low | Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden
Leaf: Good Fall | Tolerate: Wet Soil
Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, acidic soils with good drainage. Established trees have some tolerance for drought conditions.
Acer x freemanii, commonly called Freeman maple, is a hybrid of red maple (A. rubrum) and silver maple (A. saccharinum). The Freeman maple cultivars commonly sold in commerce today reportedly combine some of the best features of both parents, namely, solid structure, attractive form and showy fall color (from red maple) and adaptability and rapid growth (from silver maple). Oliver M. Freeman of the National Arboretum made the first controlled crosses between red maple and silver maple in 1933. Edward Murray named this hybrid cross in 1969 in honor of Oliver M. Freeman. Notwithstanding the foregoing, crosses between red and silver maples occur not only by controlled propagation but also naturally in the wild. It is sometimes difficult to identify a Freeman hybrid because of the complexity of crosses and backcrosses that may occur.
Cultivars are sometimes listed for sale by nurseries under Acer rubrum instead of Acer x freemanii.
Genus name is the Latin name for a maple tree.
Specific epithet and common name honors Oliver Freeman who first grew A. x freemani at the U. S. National Arboretum in 1933.
‘Jeffersred’, sold under the trade name of AUTUMN BLAZE, is an older cultivar that was discovered by nurseryman Glenn Jeffers in the late 1960s. This is an upright, fast-growing, deciduous tree that will typically grow 40-55’ tall with ascending branching and a dense, broad-oval crown. Each medium green leaf is deeply cut with five pointed lobes. As the trade name suggests, the foliage turns into an autumn blaze of orange-red to scarlet-red fall color. Flowers and fruit for this hybrid are very sparse. U.S. Plant Patent PP04,864 issued July 6, 1982.
No serious insect or disease problems. Young plants susceptible to leafhoppers and scale. Borers.||Malus x ‘Red Jewel’
‘Red Jewel’ Crabapple
The Red Jewel Crabapple is a beautiful white flowering crab. It is smothered in stunning fragrant white flowers in mid spring. With its compact shape this crab tree is great in any landscape. It can provide privacy, accent, and good under power lines. This small tree grows to be 15′ tall and 12′ wide. It has a rounded pyramidal shape and forms low branches on the trunk. The tree will flower in April. It has beautiful single blossoms white flowers that typically shed 10 days after they bloom. The flowers morph into small crabapples over the summer and they will turn a brilliant red color. This fruit will last well into the winter months and will provide food for the birds. Great for privacy, or an accent tree. This tree does well where space is an issue. It does well in full sun with moist to well-drained soil.
Deciduous Tree Type: Flowering Tree
Tree Habit: Upright, Pyramidal
Mature Size (generic): TREE (10-20' Tall) • Average Width
Fall Color: Subtle Features
Showy Flowers, Winter Interest, Attracts Birds
Flowering Season: Spring
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4,
Water Needs: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Light Needs: Full Sun
Mature Height: 12-15 ft.
Mature Width: 10-12 ft.
Name: Red Jewel™ Crabapple
Flower Color Group: White||Malus 'JFS-KW5' ROYAL RAINDROPS
Common Name: flowering crabapple | Type: Tree
Family: Rosaceae | Zone: 4 to 8
Height: 15.00 to 20.00 feet | Spread: 12.00 to 16.00 feet
Bloom Time: April | Bloom Description: Magenta-pink
Sun: Full sun | Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low | Suggested Use: Flowering Tree
Flower: Showy | Leaf: Colorful, Good Fall
Attracts: Birds, Butterflies | Fruit: Showy, Edible
Other: Winter Interest | Tolerate: Clay Soil, Air Pollution
Best grown in medium moisture, well-drained, acidic loams in full sun. Adapts to a wide range of soils. Established trees have some drought tolerance. Although some flowers may be lost, it is best to prune this tree as needed in late winter. Spring pruning should be avoided as it produces fresh, open cuts where fireblight bacterium can enter.
Malus is a genus of about 35 species of deciduous trees and shrubs from Europe, Asia and North America.
Genus name from Latin is an ancient name for apple.
‘JFS-KW5’, commonly sold under the trade name of ROYAL RAINDROPS, is an upright-spreading , disease-resistant, easy-to-grow, crabapple tree that features (1) deeply lobed purple foliage (early leaves may be entire) which retains excellent color throughout summer, (2) magenta-pink single flowers in spring (April in St. Louis), (3) tiny maroon-red crabapples (1/4" diameter) that mature in late summer and (4) excellent orange-red fall color. This small tree typically matures to 15-20’ tall and to 12-16' wide with a dense rounded canopy and excellent foliage density. Crabapples persist on the tree into early winter and are an attractive food source for birds. 'JFS-KW5' is an open-pollinated seedling of Malus transitoria 'Schmidtcutleaf'. U.S. Plant Patent PP14,375 was issued on December 16, 2003.
The main diseases of crabapple are scab, fire blight, rusts, leaf spot and powdery mildew. Potential insect pests are of lesser concern and include tent caterpillars, aphids, Japanese beetles, borers and scale. Spider mites may occur.
ROYAL RAINDROPS has good disease resistance to the main diseases of crabapples.||Syringareticulata 'Ivory Silk'
Ivory Silk Japanese tree lilac
Ivory Silk' is a small tree or large shrub which typically grows 20-25' tall with a rounded crown. Creamy white, fragrant, single flowers are arranged in dense, terminal clusters (panicles to 12" long). Blooms later than most other species of lilac (late May to early June in St. Louis). Elliptic to ovate, dark green leaves (to 5" long). Attractive reddish-brown bark.
Effective as a specimen in the landscape. Tree forms are effective along streets, in lawns, near decks/patios or in foundations. Shrub forms are effective in borders or small groups. May be used as a screen along property lines.
Zone: 3 to 7
Height: 20.00 to 25.00 feet
Spread: 15.00 to 20.00 feet
Bloom Time: May to June
Bloom Description: Creamy white
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Suggested Use: Street Tree, Flowering Tree
Flower: Showy, Fragrant
Attracts: Hummingbirds, Butterflies
Other: Winter Interest
Tolerate: Deer, Clay Soil||Celtis occidentalis
Species Native to Missouri
Common Name: hackberry | Type: Tree
Native Range: Central and northeastern North America
Zone: 2 to 9 | Height: 40.00 to 60.00 feet
Spread: 40.00 to 60.00 feet | Bloom Time: April to May
Bloom Description: Green | Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium to wet | Maintenance: Low
Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden
Flower: Insignificant | Attracts: Birds, Butterflies
Fruit: Edible | Tolerate: Drought, Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Air Pollution
Best grown in moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates part shade. Also tolerates wind, many urban pollutants and a wide range of soil conditions, including both wet, dry and poor soils.
Celtis occidentalis, commonly called common hackberry, is a medium to large sized deciduous tree that typically grows 40-60’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown. Trunk diameter ranges from 1-3’ (less frequently to 4’). This tree is a U.S. native that is widely distributed throughout the east and midwest. It is common in Missouri where it typically occurs statewide in low woods along streams and in drier upland slopes (Steyemark). Mature gray bark develops corky ridges and warty texture. Insignificant, mostly monoecious, greenish flowers appear in spring (April–May), with male flowers in clusters and female flowers solitary. Female flowers give way to an often abundant fruit crop of round fleshy berry-like drupes maturing to deep purple. Each drupe has one round brown seed within. Fruits are attractive to a variety of wildlife. Birds consume the fruits and disperse the seeds. Fleshy parts of the fruit are edible and somewhat sweet. Ovate to oblong-ovate, rough-textured, glossy to dull green leaves (2-5” long) have mostly uneven leaf bases and are coarsely toothed from midleaf to acuminate (sharply pointed) tip. Undistinguished yellow fall color.
Genus name comes from the Greek name for another tree.
Specific epithet means Western.
Hackberry nipple gall is so common in the St. Louis area that it is often used as an aid in identifying the tree. Although the galls do not hurt the tree, they often significantly disfigure the leaves. Witches’ broom (dwarfed, dense, contorted twig clusters at the branch ends) is also somewhat common. It also does little harm to the tree, but can be quite unsightly. Powdery mildew, leaf spot and root rot may occur. Watch for lacebugs and scale.||American Sentry | Tilia American Sentry
Height: 40 feet
Spread: 20 feet
Sunlight: full sun
Hardiness Zone: 3a
Other Names: Basswood, American Linden
A stately tree with a narrow upright habit of growth for smaller yards and spaces, features tightly upright branching, leaves turn rich gold in fall; fast growing and vigorous, resistant to insect attacks
American Sentry Linden features subtle clusters of fragrant buttery yellow flowers with tan bracts hanging below the branches in early summer. It has dark green foliage throughout the season. The large heart-shaped leaves turn an outstanding gold in the fall. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.
American Sentry Linden is a dense deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a narrowly upright and columnar growth habit. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.
This is a high maintenance tree that will require regular care and upkeep, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. It is a good choice for attracting bees to your yard. It has no significant negative characteristics.
American Sentry Linden is recommended for the following landscape applications;
Planting & Growing
American Sentry Linden will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.
This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This is a selection of a native North American species.|
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