|Content||Tsuga canadensis Canadian Hemlock
Tsuga canadensis, commonly called Canadian hemlock or eastern hemlock, is a dense, pyramidal conifer of the pine family that is native to moist woods, moist slopes, rocky hillsides/ridges, wooded ravines, and stream valleys from eastern Canada south to Maine and Wisconsin and further south in the Appalachian Mountains to Georgia and Alabama. It grows to 40-75’ tall in the wild. This species is noted for having the smallest needles and cones in the genus. Flat sprays of lacy evergreen foliage give this tree a graceful form. Short dark green needles (to 9/16″ long) with two white bands beneath are arranged in two opposite rows. Needles are attached to twigs by slender stalks. Small, pendant, short-stalked, seed-bearing cones (to 3/4″ long) are tan-brown. Lower branches often dip toward the ground. Thick and ridged bark on mature trees is red-brown to gray-brown. State tree of Pennsylvania. No part of this tree is poisonous. The poisonous hemlocks (Circuta maculata and Conium maculatum) are herbaceous perennials in the parsley family.
Common Name: Canadian hemlock
Type: Needled evergreen
Native Range: North America
Zone: 3 to 7
Height: 40.00 to 70.00 feet
Spread: 25.00 to 35.00 feet
Bloom Time: spring
Bloom Description: non-descript
Sun: Part shade to full shade
Suggested Use: Hedge
Other: Winter Interest
Tolerate: Deer, Heavy Shade, Black Walnut||Malus 'Adirondack' Crabapple
Botanical Name: Malus 'Adirondack'
(NA 54943; PI 499828)
Hardiness: U.S.D.A. Zone 4 - 8
Five hundred open-pollinated seedlings of Malus halliana were artificially inoculated with fire blight under control conditions. Of the sixty surviving seedlings, several showed field resistance to scab, cedar-apple rust, and powdery mildew when exposed to natural inoculum from heavily infected, susceptible plants during eleven years of field trial. 'Adirondack' was selected from this seedling population in 1974 by Donald R. Egolf and released in 1987.
'Adirondack' exhibits a combination of many desirable traits that make it a near-perfect crabapple. The narrow obovate, upright-branched growth habit combines with an annual bloom cycle, abundant, small, persistent fruit, slow to moderate growth rate, and multiple disease tolerance that is rare in crabapple. Highly rated for both aesthetics and disease resistance by the International Ornamental Crabapple Society.
Height and Width: 18 feet tall and 16 feet crown width at 20 years.
Narrow obovate, upright-branched small tree. Maintains upright form with age.
Leathery dark green leaves. The foliage is highly tolerant to cedar apple rust, apple scab, and powdery mildew.
Annual flowering. Dark carmine buds mature to a lighter red and open to white, waxy, heavy-textured, wide-spreading flowers with traces of red; slightly fragrant.
A pome. Abundant, bright orange-red, hard, small (1/2-inch) fruit persist until early winter. Relished by birds after softened by freezing.
Adaptable to diverse soil, moisture, and climatic conditions. Requires virtually no pruning to maintain its shape nor chemical controls for the common crabapple diseases.
Most commercial propagation is by budding or grafting onto compatible rootstocks. Roots easily from softwood cuttings in late spring, under mist, 3000 ppm IBA, in 4 weeks.
Effective for foundation plantings of buildings or formal gardens; as a specimen for space-limited situations; a strong focal accent in the shrub border or residential garden; park and recreational area screen; roadside or street tree where shade is not important.||Greenspire Linden | Tilia cordata 'Greenspire'
Height: 50 feet
Spread: 35 feet
Hardiness Zone: 4a
Other Names: Littleleaf Linden,
Description: A magnificent shade tree with a strong, spire-like shape throughout its life; fragrant yellow flowers in early summer when few trees bloom; very tidy and low maintenance, adaptable, makes an excellent lawn or street specimen, great by a pool or deck
Greenspire Linden features subtle clusters of fragrant yellow flowers with tan bracts hanging below the branches in early summer. It has dark green foliage throughout the season. The heart-shaped leaves turn an outstanding gold in the fall. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.
Greenspire Linden is a dense deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.
This is a high maintenance tree that will require regular care and upkeep, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. It is a good choice for attracting bees to your yard. Gardeners should be aware of the following characteristic(s) that may warrant special consideration;
Greenspire Linden is recommended for the following landscape applications;
Planting & Growing Greenspire Linden will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 35 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 6 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.
This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America.||Burgundy Belle Red Maple / Acer rubrum 'Magnificent Magenta'
Height: 50 feet
Spread: 45 feet
Sunlight: full Sun
Hardiness Zone: 4a
Other Names: Swamp Maple, Scarlet Maple
Description: A fine shade tree valued for its consistently rich reddish to wine-burgundy fall colors, showy red flowers appear along the bare branches in early spring, compact, uniformly rounded habit of growth; intolerant of alkaline soils
Burgundy Belle Red Maple features showy clusters of red flowers along the branches in early spring before the leaves. It has green foliage which emerges red in spring. The lobed leaves turn an outstanding burgundy in the fall. It produces red samaras in late spring. The furrowed silver bark and brick red branches add an interesting dimension to the landscape.
Burgundy Belle Red Maple is a deciduous tree with a shapely oval form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.
This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and should only be pruned in summer after the leaves have fully developed, as it may 'bleed' sap if pruned in late winter or early spring. It has no significant negative characteristics.
Burgundy Belle Red Maple is recommended for the following landscape applications;
Planting & Growing
Burgundy Belle Red Maple will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.
This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is quite adaptable, prefering to grow in average to wet conditions, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type, but has a definite preference for acidic soils, and is subject to chlorosis (yellowing) of the leaves in alkaline soils. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This is a selection of a native North American species.||Quercus bicolor
Swamp White Oak
Quercus bicolor, commonly called Swamp White Oak, is a medium sized, deciduous tree with a broad, rounded crown and a short trunk which typically grows at a moderate rate to a height of 50-60' (sometimes larger). Leaves are dark, shiny green above and silvery white beneath, with 5-10 rounded lobes or blunt teeth along the margins. Fall color is yellow, but sometimes reddish purple. Insignificant flowers in separate male and female catkins in spring. Fruits are acorns which mature in early fall. Indigenous to north, central, and eastern Missouri in moist to swampy locations in bottomlands and lowlands, such as along streams and lakes, valleys, floodplains and at the edge of swamps. Also has surprisingly good drought resistance.
Native Range: Northeastern North America
Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 50.00 to 60.00 feet
Spread: 50.00 to 60.00 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: Yellowish green
Sun: Full sun
Water: Medium to wet
Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden
Leaf: Good Fall
Tolerate: Wet Soil||Amelanchier × grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance'
Amelanchier x grandiflora is a hybrid cross between two species of North American serviceberry, namely, A. arborea (downy serviceberry) and A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). It is known in commerce today by several showy cultivars. This is a small, deciduous, usually multi-trunked understory tree or tall shrub which typically matures to 15-20’ tall. Flowers bloom in April followed by edible fruits (3/8" diameter) in June (hence the sometimes-used common name of Juneberry for amelanchiers). Berries resemble blueberries in taste and may be used in jams, jellies and pies. Finely-toothed, oval-lanceolate leaves (to 3" long) emerge with bronze tints in spring, mature to dark green from late spring throughout summer before finally turning brilliant red to orange-red in fall.
Common Name: apple serviceberry
Zone: 4 to 9
Height: 15.00 to 25.00 feet
Spread: 15.00 to 25.00 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: White
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Suggested Use: Flowering Tree
Leaf: Good Fall
Fruit: Showy, Edible|
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