Eastern White Pine
||An extremely useful, fast growing pine perfect for windbreaks and tall screens. The natural pyramidal form with strong horizontal branches holds attractive blue-green needles. A rugged evergreen that adapts well to poor soils.
||Water when top 2 inches of soil is dry.
||Conifer; prized for foliage.
||Quickly reaches 50 to 80 ft. tall, 15 to 20 ft. wide.
||Privacy Screen, Windbreak
||This is one of the most valuable trees for shelterbelts and windbreaks on Midwestern plains because of its rugged nature and speedy growth. Adapts well to dry conditions in the West, both in semidesert and mountain foothill regions where soils are thin and poor. Tall, narrow form makes it valuable for landscaping around tall buildings in the northern states. Useful as sound barriers. A huge tree that requires sizable landscapes to remain in scale.
||Japanese Maple (Acer); Winterberry (Ilex); Switch Grass (Panicum); Barberry (Berberis); Dogwood (Cornus)
||Prefers fertile, well-drained soils, but highly adaptable; avoid poorly drained, soggy sites. Grows best in full sun. Water deeply, regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; once established, reduce frequency. Feed before new growth begins in spring.
Acer x freemanii 'Firefall'
Firefall™ has an upright-oval form with good branch angles. This selection is male and therefore does not produce nuisance seeds. The foliage is an attractive medium green throughout the summer. Fall color is bright orange to scarlet and develops fairly early. This is a distinct advantage over some existing Freeman maple cultivars that color later and often do not develop much color in northern regions before freezing temperatures cause the foliage tomdrop. University of Minnesota introduction.
|Mature Size (generic)
||TREE (30-50'mTall) • Average Width
|USDA Hardiness Zone
||3, 4, 5, 6, 7
||Malus 'JFS-KW5' ROYAL RAINDROPS
Common Name: flowering crabapple | Type: Tree
Family: Rosaceae | Zone: 4 to 8
Height: 15.00 to 20.00 feet | Spread: 12.00 to 16.00 feet
Bloom Time: April | Bloom Description: Magenta-pink
Sun: Full sun | Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low | Suggested Use: Flowering Tree
Flower: Showy | Leaf: Colorful, Good Fall
Attracts: Birds, Butterflies | Fruit: Showy, Edible
Other: Winter Interest | Tolerate: Clay Soil, Air Pollution
Best grown in medium moisture, well-drained, acidic loams in full sun. Adapts to a wide range of soils. Established trees have some drought tolerance. Although some flowers may be lost, it is best to prune this tree as needed in late winter. Spring pruning should be avoided as it produces fresh, open cuts where fireblight bacterium can enter.
Malus is a genus of about 35 species of deciduous trees and shrubs from Europe, Asia and North America.
Genus name from Latin is an ancient name for apple.
‘JFS-KW5’, commonly sold under the trade name of ROYAL RAINDROPS, is an upright-spreading , disease-resistant, easy-to-grow, crabapple tree that features (1) deeply lobed purple foliage (early leaves may be entire) which retains excellent color throughout summer, (2) magenta-pink single flowers in spring (April in St. Louis), (3) tiny maroon-red crabapples (1/4" diameter) that mature in late summer and (4) excellent orange-red fall color. This small tree typically matures to 15-20’ tall and to 12-16' wide with a dense rounded canopy and excellent foliage density. Crabapples persist on the tree into early winter and are an attractive food source for birds. 'JFS-KW5' is an open-pollinated seedling of Malus transitoria 'Schmidtcutleaf'. U.S. Plant Patent PP14,375 was issued on December 16, 2003.
The main diseases of crabapple are scab, fire blight, rusts, leaf spot and powdery mildew. Potential insect pests are of lesser concern and include tent caterpillars, aphids, Japanese beetles, borers and scale. Spider mites may occur.
ROYAL RAINDROPS has good disease resistance to the main diseases of crabapples.||Acer × freemanii 'Jeffersred' AUTUMN BLAZE
Common Name: Freeman maple | Type: Tree
Family: Sapindaceae | Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 40.00 to 55.00 feet | Spread: 30.00 to 40.00 feet
Bloom Time: Rarely flowers | Bloom Description: Greenish-yellow to red
Sun: Full sun to part shade | Water: Medium to wet
Maintenance: Low | Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden
Leaf: Good Fall | Tolerate: Wet Soil
Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, acidic soils with good drainage. Established trees have some tolerance for drought conditions.
Acer x freemanii, commonly called Freeman maple, is a hybrid of red maple (A. rubrum) and silver maple (A. saccharinum). The Freeman maple cultivars commonly sold in commerce today reportedly combine some of the best features of both parents, namely, solid structure, attractive form and showy fall color (from red maple) and adaptability and rapid growth (from silver maple). Oliver M. Freeman of the National Arboretum made the first controlled crosses between red maple and silver maple in 1933. Edward Murray named this hybrid cross in 1969 in honor of Oliver M. Freeman. Notwithstanding the foregoing, crosses between red and silver maples occur not only by controlled propagation but also naturally in the wild. It is sometimes difficult to identify a Freeman hybrid because of the complexity of crosses and backcrosses that may occur.
Cultivars are sometimes listed for sale by nurseries under Acer rubrum instead of Acer x freemanii.
Genus name is the Latin name for a maple tree.
Specific epithet and common name honors Oliver Freeman who first grew A. x freemani at the U. S. National Arboretum in 1933.
‘Jeffersred’, sold under the trade name of AUTUMN BLAZE, is an older cultivar that was discovered by nurseryman Glenn Jeffers in the late 1960s. This is an upright, fast-growing, deciduous tree that will typically grow 40-55’ tall with ascending branching and a dense, broad-oval crown. Each medium green leaf is deeply cut with five pointed lobes. As the trade name suggests, the foliage turns into an autumn blaze of orange-red to scarlet-red fall color. Flowers and fruit for this hybrid are very sparse. U.S. Plant Patent PP04,864 issued July 6, 1982.
No serious insect or disease problems. Young plants susceptible to leafhoppers and scale. Borers.||American Sentry | Tilia American Sentry
Height: 40 feet
Spread: 20 feet
Sunlight: full sun
Hardiness Zone: 3a
Other Names: Basswood, American Linden
A stately tree with a narrow upright habit of growth for smaller yards and spaces, features tightly upright branching, leaves turn rich gold in fall; fast growing and vigorous, resistant to insect attacks
American Sentry Linden features subtle clusters of fragrant buttery yellow flowers with tan bracts hanging below the branches in early summer. It has dark green foliage throughout the season. The large heart-shaped leaves turn an outstanding gold in the fall. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.
American Sentry Linden is a dense deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a narrowly upright and columnar growth habit. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.
This is a high maintenance tree that will require regular care and upkeep, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. It is a good choice for attracting bees to your yard. It has no significant negative characteristics.
American Sentry Linden is recommended for the following landscape applications;
Planting & Growing
American Sentry Linden will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.
This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This is a selection of a native North American species.||Celtis occidentalis
Species Native to Missouri
Common Name: hackberry | Type: Tree
Native Range: Central and northeastern North America
Zone: 2 to 9 | Height: 40.00 to 60.00 feet
Spread: 40.00 to 60.00 feet | Bloom Time: April to May
Bloom Description: Green | Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium to wet | Maintenance: Low
Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden
Flower: Insignificant | Attracts: Birds, Butterflies
Fruit: Edible | Tolerate: Drought, Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Air Pollution
Best grown in moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates part shade. Also tolerates wind, many urban pollutants and a wide range of soil conditions, including both wet, dry and poor soils.
Celtis occidentalis, commonly called common hackberry, is a medium to large sized deciduous tree that typically grows 40-60’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown. Trunk diameter ranges from 1-3’ (less frequently to 4’). This tree is a U.S. native that is widely distributed throughout the east and midwest. It is common in Missouri where it typically occurs statewide in low woods along streams and in drier upland slopes (Steyemark). Mature gray bark develops corky ridges and warty texture. Insignificant, mostly monoecious, greenish flowers appear in spring (April–May), with male flowers in clusters and female flowers solitary. Female flowers give way to an often abundant fruit crop of round fleshy berry-like drupes maturing to deep purple. Each drupe has one round brown seed within. Fruits are attractive to a variety of wildlife. Birds consume the fruits and disperse the seeds. Fleshy parts of the fruit are edible and somewhat sweet. Ovate to oblong-ovate, rough-textured, glossy to dull green leaves (2-5” long) have mostly uneven leaf bases and are coarsely toothed from midleaf to acuminate (sharply pointed) tip. Undistinguished yellow fall color.
Genus name comes from the Greek name for another tree.
Specific epithet means Western.
Hackberry nipple gall is so common in the St. Louis area that it is often used as an aid in identifying the tree. Although the galls do not hurt the tree, they often significantly disfigure the leaves. Witches’ broom (dwarfed, dense, contorted twig clusters at the branch ends) is also somewhat common. It also does little harm to the tree, but can be quite unsightly. Powdery mildew, leaf spot and root rot may occur. Watch for lacebugs and scale.|
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