Black spruce is a small, narrow evergreen tree with a spire-like crown. It has descending branches, with dark, bluish-green needles, and upturned ends. Lower limbs sweep the ground. It is an excellent choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites.
All Common Names:
Black spruce, Bog spruce, Swamp spruce
Evergreen (foliage year-round)
Large tree (more than 40 feet),
Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
Acid soil, Moist, well-drained soil, Wet soil
Occasional drought, Wet sites
Size & Form
- Shape or Form: Narrow,
30 to 50 feet high and 20 to 30 feet wide. The tree is very narrow and conical to spire-like with descending branches. Lower limbs sweep the ground.
Tree & Plant Care
Does best in cold northern climates. It may be stressed in warm summers or below zone 6 temperatures. The shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3-4” layer of organic mulch. Spruce need very little in the way of pruning.
Disease, pests, and problems
No serious disease or insect problems but needle rusts and cankers can
occur. Due to its shallow root system, black spruce is prone to
wind throw (uprooting by wind).
Native geographic location and habitat
Native to northern North America, from Newfoundland to Alaska, Pennsylvania,
Minnesota and central British Columbia
Attracts birds & butterflies
Twigs, leaves and seeds are important wildlife food. Very valuable as
nesting sites for birds.
Bark color and texture
Bark is dark gray, thin and scaly. As bark breaks into scales, the
inner green bark is revealed.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Blue green, stiff needles are attached singly to the stem, paler
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
The cones are the smallest of all of the spruces, rounded to
spindle-shape, dark purple ripening red-brown, produced in dense
clusters in the top of the tree. Cones are known to persist for
|Pacific Sunset Maple is an excellent medium sized tree that is very tolerant to urban conditions. This hybrid maple combines the best qualities of its parents Acer truncatum and Acer platanoides. It has very glossy dark green leaves that will develop a mixed full color of yellows, oranges, and reds. It will tolerate a wide range of soil conditions and makes for a good straight tree.
Plant Type: Shade Tree
Growth Rate Moderate
Zone: 4 - 7
Deer Resistant: Yes
Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Shade
Bloom Time: Spring
Bark Type: Smooth
Landscape/Use: Provide Shade
Shape: Spreading, Upright
af Color: Green
Fall Color: Orange Red||Amelanchier × grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance'
Amelanchier x grandiflora is a hybrid cross between two species of North American serviceberry, namely, A. arborea (downy serviceberry) and A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). It is known in commerce today by several showy cultivars. This is a small, deciduous, usually multi-trunked understory tree or tall shrub which typically matures to 15-20’ tall. Flowers bloom in April followed by edible fruits (3/8" diameter) in June (hence the sometimes-used common name of Juneberry for amelanchiers). Berries resemble blueberries in taste and may be used in jams, jellies and pies. Finely-toothed, oval-lanceolate leaves (to 3" long) emerge with bronze tints in spring, mature to dark green from late spring throughout summer before finally turning brilliant red to orange-red in fall.
Common Name: apple serviceberry
Zone: 4 to 9
Height: 15.00 to 25.00 feet
Spread: 15.00 to 25.00 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: White
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Suggested Use: Flowering Tree
Leaf: Good Fall
Fruit: Showy, Edible||Malus x ‘Red Jewel’
‘Red Jewel’ Crabapple
The Red Jewel Crabapple is a beautiful white flowering crab. It is smothered in stunning fragrant white flowers in mid spring. With its compact shape this crab tree is great in any landscape. It can provide privacy, accent, and good under power lines. This small tree grows to be 15′ tall and 12′ wide. It has a rounded pyramidal shape and forms low branches on the trunk. The tree will flower in April. It has beautiful single blossoms white flowers that typically shed 10 days after they bloom. The flowers morph into small crabapples over the summer and they will turn a brilliant red color. This fruit will last well into the winter months and will provide food for the birds. Great for privacy, or an accent tree. This tree does well where space is an issue. It does well in full sun with moist to well-drained soil.
Deciduous Tree Type: Flowering Tree
Tree Habit: Upright, Pyramidal
Mature Size (generic): TREE (10-20' Tall) • Average Width
Fall Color: Subtle Features
Showy Flowers, Winter Interest, Attracts Birds
Flowering Season: Spring
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4,
Water Needs: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Light Needs: Full Sun
Mature Height: 12-15 ft.
Mature Width: 10-12 ft.
Name: Red Jewel™ Crabapple
Flower Color Group: White||American Sentry | Tilia American Sentry
Height: 40 feet
Spread: 20 feet
Sunlight: full sun
Hardiness Zone: 3a
Other Names: Basswood, American Linden
A stately tree with a narrow upright habit of growth for smaller yards and spaces, features tightly upright branching, leaves turn rich gold in fall; fast growing and vigorous, resistant to insect attacks
American Sentry Linden features subtle clusters of fragrant buttery yellow flowers with tan bracts hanging below the branches in early summer. It has dark green foliage throughout the season. The large heart-shaped leaves turn an outstanding gold in the fall. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.
American Sentry Linden is a dense deciduous tree with a strong central leader and a narrowly upright and columnar growth habit. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.
This is a high maintenance tree that will require regular care and upkeep, and usually looks its best without pruning, although it will tolerate pruning. It is a good choice for attracting bees to your yard. It has no significant negative characteristics.
American Sentry Linden is recommended for the following landscape applications;
Planting & Growing
American Sentry Linden will grow to be about 40 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a high canopy with a typical clearance of 7 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. As it matures, the lower branches of this tree can be strategically removed to create a high enough canopy to support unobstructed human traffic underneath. It grows at a fast rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.
This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This is a selection of a native North American species.||Malus 'Purple Prince'
Common Name: flowering crabapple | Type: Tree
Family: Rosaceae | Zone: 4 to 8
Height: 18.00 to 20.00 feet | Spread: 18.00 to 20.00 feet
Bloom Time: April | Bloom Description: Rose red
Sun: Full sun | Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low | Suggested Use: Flowering Tree
Flower: Showy, Fragrant | Attracts: Birds, Hummingbirds, Butterflies
Fruit: Showy, Edible | Tolerate: Air Pollution
Best grown in medium moisture, well-drained, acidic loams in full sun. Adapts to a wide range of soils. Established trees have some drought tolerance. Although some flowers may be lost, it is best to prune this tree as needed in late winter. Spring pruning should be avoided as it produces fresh, open cuts where fireblight bacterium can enter.
Malus is a genus of about 35 species of deciduous trees and shrubs from Europe, Asia and North America.
Genus name from Latin is an ancient name for apple.
'Purple Prince' is a cross of (Malus ‘Bluebeard’ by Malus ‘Liset’) by Malus ‘Garnet’ that was developed by John L. Fiala of Medina, Ohio. The patent has been assigned to the J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co. nursery of Boring, Oregon. ‘Purple Prince’ is a small rounded tree with upward spreading branches that grows 18 to 20 ft. tall and wide. In spring, it has ovate purple-bronze leaves that gradually turn green in summer and then golden in fall. Its rosy red single flowers mature into round 3/8 to 1/2 in. purple fruits that persist into winter and attract birds. ‘Purple Prince’ has excellent resistance to scab and cedar apple rust and good resistance to fireblight and mildew. It is considered to be a rapid grower but is less likely to have problems with stem splitting. U.S. Plant Patent #8,478 issued November 30, 1993.
The main diseases of crabapple are scab, fire blight, rusts, leaf spot and powdery mildew. Potential insect pests are of lesser concern and include tent caterpillars, aphids, Japanese beetles, borers and scale. Spider mites may occur.
'Purple Prince' has good disease resistance to the main diseases of crabapples.|
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