|Content||Abies balsamea (Balsam Fir)
Balsam fir is a coniferous tree native to northern Wisconsin and the rest of the Lake States. It has the largest distribution of the North American firs, extending across southeastern Canada, south through most of the Midwest, and east through New England. It grows from sea level all the way up to 50 feet below the summit of Mount Washington, the tallest mountain in its range (that’s from sea level to 6,238 feet elevation!). Balsam fir has a dense, conical crown with a slender tip (think of the shape of the “perfect” Christmas tree). The needles are flat and are arranged so that they are in one plane, meaning they mostly point out from opposite sides of the branch. If you look at a balsam fir twig closely, you will see that the needles are attached to all sides of the twig, but as the needles grow, they twist so that most of them are parallel to the ground. Unlike most conifers, the cones of balsam fir point upwards from the branch instead of hanging down. When the cone is mature, the cone scales fall off, so it is rare to find an in-tact mature cone on a tree. Balsam fir is truly a northern species and is an important part of northern mixed forests or boreal forests.
Common Name: balsam fir
Type: Needled evergreen
Native Range: North America
Zone: 3 to 6
Height: 50.00 to 70.00 feet
Spread: 15.00 to 25.00 feet
Bloom Time: spring
Bloom Description: Non-descript
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Leaf: Fragrant, Evergreen
Other: Winter Interest||Syringareticulata 'Ivory Silk'
Ivory Silk Japanese tree lilac
Ivory Silk' is a small tree or large shrub which typically grows 20-25' tall with a rounded crown. Creamy white, fragrant, single flowers are arranged in dense, terminal clusters (panicles to 12" long). Blooms later than most other species of lilac (late May to early June in St. Louis). Elliptic to ovate, dark green leaves (to 5" long). Attractive reddish-brown bark.
Effective as a specimen in the landscape. Tree forms are effective along streets, in lawns, near decks/patios or in foundations. Shrub forms are effective in borders or small groups. May be used as a screen along property lines.
Zone: 3 to 7
Height: 20.00 to 25.00 feet
Spread: 15.00 to 20.00 feet
Bloom Time: May to June
Bloom Description: Creamy white
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Suggested Use: Street Tree, Flowering Tree
Flower: Showy, Fragrant
Attracts: Hummingbirds, Butterflies
Other: Winter Interest
Tolerate: Deer, Clay Soil||Amelanchier × grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance'
Amelanchier x grandiflora is a hybrid cross between two species of North American serviceberry, namely, A. arborea (downy serviceberry) and A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). It is known in commerce today by several showy cultivars. This is a small, deciduous, usually multi-trunked understory tree or tall shrub which typically matures to 15-20’ tall. Flowers bloom in April followed by edible fruits (3/8" diameter) in June (hence the sometimes-used common name of Juneberry for amelanchiers). Berries resemble blueberries in taste and may be used in jams, jellies and pies. Finely-toothed, oval-lanceolate leaves (to 3" long) emerge with bronze tints in spring, mature to dark green from late spring throughout summer before finally turning brilliant red to orange-red in fall.
Common Name: apple serviceberry
Zone: 4 to 9
Height: 15.00 to 25.00 feet
Spread: 15.00 to 25.00 feet
Bloom Time: April
Bloom Description: White
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Suggested Use: Flowering Tree
Leaf: Good Fall
Fruit: Showy, Edible||Acer × freemanii 'Jeffersred' AUTUMN BLAZE
Common Name: Freeman maple | Type: Tree
Family: Sapindaceae | Zone: 3 to 8
Height: 40.00 to 55.00 feet | Spread: 30.00 to 40.00 feet
Bloom Time: Rarely flowers | Bloom Description: Greenish-yellow to red
Sun: Full sun to part shade | Water: Medium to wet
Maintenance: Low | Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden
Leaf: Good Fall | Tolerate: Wet Soil
Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, acidic soils with good drainage. Established trees have some tolerance for drought conditions.
Acer x freemanii, commonly called Freeman maple, is a hybrid of red maple (A. rubrum) and silver maple (A. saccharinum). The Freeman maple cultivars commonly sold in commerce today reportedly combine some of the best features of both parents, namely, solid structure, attractive form and showy fall color (from red maple) and adaptability and rapid growth (from silver maple). Oliver M. Freeman of the National Arboretum made the first controlled crosses between red maple and silver maple in 1933. Edward Murray named this hybrid cross in 1969 in honor of Oliver M. Freeman. Notwithstanding the foregoing, crosses between red and silver maples occur not only by controlled propagation but also naturally in the wild. It is sometimes difficult to identify a Freeman hybrid because of the complexity of crosses and backcrosses that may occur.
Cultivars are sometimes listed for sale by nurseries under Acer rubrum instead of Acer x freemanii.
Genus name is the Latin name for a maple tree.
Specific epithet and common name honors Oliver Freeman who first grew A. x freemani at the U. S. National Arboretum in 1933.
‘Jeffersred’, sold under the trade name of AUTUMN BLAZE, is an older cultivar that was discovered by nurseryman Glenn Jeffers in the late 1960s. This is an upright, fast-growing, deciduous tree that will typically grow 40-55’ tall with ascending branching and a dense, broad-oval crown. Each medium green leaf is deeply cut with five pointed lobes. As the trade name suggests, the foliage turns into an autumn blaze of orange-red to scarlet-red fall color. Flowers and fruit for this hybrid are very sparse. U.S. Plant Patent PP04,864 issued July 6, 1982.
No serious insect or disease problems. Young plants susceptible to leafhoppers and scale. Borers.||Malus x ‘Red Jewel’
‘Red Jewel’ Crabapple
The Red Jewel Crabapple is a beautiful white flowering crab. It is smothered in stunning fragrant white flowers in mid spring. With its compact shape this crab tree is great in any landscape. It can provide privacy, accent, and good under power lines. This small tree grows to be 15′ tall and 12′ wide. It has a rounded pyramidal shape and forms low branches on the trunk. The tree will flower in April. It has beautiful single blossoms white flowers that typically shed 10 days after they bloom. The flowers morph into small crabapples over the summer and they will turn a brilliant red color. This fruit will last well into the winter months and will provide food for the birds. Great for privacy, or an accent tree. This tree does well where space is an issue. It does well in full sun with moist to well-drained soil.
Deciduous Tree Type: Flowering Tree
Tree Habit: Upright, Pyramidal
Mature Size (generic): TREE (10-20' Tall) • Average Width
Fall Color: Subtle Features
Showy Flowers, Winter Interest, Attracts Birds
Flowering Season: Spring
USDA Hardiness Zone: 4,
Water Needs: Moderate
Growth Rate: Moderate
Light Needs: Full Sun
Mature Height: 12-15 ft.
Mature Width: 10-12 ft.
Name: Red Jewel™ Crabapple
Flower Color Group: White||Malus 'Purple Prince'
Common Name: flowering crabapple | Type: Tree
Family: Rosaceae | Zone: 4 to 8
Height: 18.00 to 20.00 feet | Spread: 18.00 to 20.00 feet
Bloom Time: April | Bloom Description: Rose red
Sun: Full sun | Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low | Suggested Use: Flowering Tree
Flower: Showy, Fragrant | Attracts: Birds, Hummingbirds, Butterflies
Fruit: Showy, Edible | Tolerate: Air Pollution
Best grown in medium moisture, well-drained, acidic loams in full sun. Adapts to a wide range of soils. Established trees have some drought tolerance. Although some flowers may be lost, it is best to prune this tree as needed in late winter. Spring pruning should be avoided as it produces fresh, open cuts where fireblight bacterium can enter.
Malus is a genus of about 35 species of deciduous trees and shrubs from Europe, Asia and North America.
Genus name from Latin is an ancient name for apple.
'Purple Prince' is a cross of (Malus ‘Bluebeard’ by Malus ‘Liset’) by Malus ‘Garnet’ that was developed by John L. Fiala of Medina, Ohio. The patent has been assigned to the J. Frank Schmidt & Son Co. nursery of Boring, Oregon. ‘Purple Prince’ is a small rounded tree with upward spreading branches that grows 18 to 20 ft. tall and wide. In spring, it has ovate purple-bronze leaves that gradually turn green in summer and then golden in fall. Its rosy red single flowers mature into round 3/8 to 1/2 in. purple fruits that persist into winter and attract birds. ‘Purple Prince’ has excellent resistance to scab and cedar apple rust and good resistance to fireblight and mildew. It is considered to be a rapid grower but is less likely to have problems with stem splitting. U.S. Plant Patent #8,478 issued November 30, 1993.
The main diseases of crabapple are scab, fire blight, rusts, leaf spot and powdery mildew. Potential insect pests are of lesser concern and include tent caterpillars, aphids, Japanese beetles, borers and scale. Spider mites may occur.
'Purple Prince' has good disease resistance to the main diseases of crabapples.|
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