Pinus resinosa Red Pine
Pinus resinosa, commonly called red pine, is a conical, straight-trunked, evergreen conifer with horizontal to ascending branching and an oval to rounded crown. It typically grows to 50-80’ (less frequently to 125′) tall. It is native from Newfoundland to Manitoba south to Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania and New York. It is typically found on hills, slopes, ridges and plains, often in sandy soils. Common name of red pine is in reference to the tree’s bark which is red tinged from crown to base. Sharply-pointed, yellow-green to dark green needles (4-6″ long) in bundles of two are soft but brittle (snap crisply when bent). Ovoid female seed cones (to 2 1/2″ long) mature to chestnut brown in the second year. Cone scales lack prickles. Red pine has been commercially used for pulpwood and structural timber.

Common Name: red pine

Type: Needled evergreen

Family: Pinaceae

Native Range: Eastern North America

Zone: 2 to 5

Height: 50.00 to 80.00 feet

Spread: 20.00 to 25.00 feet

Bloom Time: spring

Bloom Description: non-descript

Sun: Full sun

Water: Medium

Maintenance: Low

Leaf: Evergreen

Other: Winter Interest

Tolerate: Deer, Drought


Abies balsamea | Larix laricina | Microbiota decussata Siberian Cypress or Russian Cypress | Picea abies Norway Spruce | Picea glauca White Spruce | Pinus resinosa Red Pine | Pinus strobus White Pine | Tsuga canadensis Canadian Hemlock