Pinus strobus White Pine
Pinus strobus, commonly called Eastern white pine, is a rapid-growing, long-lived, needled evergreen tree that is native to the northeastern United States and Canada (State tree of Maine and Michigan). Although pyramidal in its early years, it matures to a broad oval habit with an irregular crown. Typically grows 50-80′ in cultivation, but will grow to 100′ tall in the wild, with records existing to over 200′. Landscape size and shape can be controlled through pruning, however, to the extent that white pine may be sheared and grown as a hedge. Bluish green needles (to 5″ long) are soft to the touch and appear in bundles of five. Cylindrical, brown cones ( 4-8″ long) are usually not produced until 5-10 years. An important timber tree (perhaps more so in the 18th and 19th centuries than now) which was and is valued for its lightweight, straight-grained wood (orange heartwood and white sapwood).

Common Name: eastern white pine

Type: Needled evergreen

Family: Pinaceae

Native Range: Southeastern Canada, eastern United States

Zone: 3 to 8

Height: 50.00 to 80.00 feet

Spread: 20.00 to 40.00 feet

Bloom Time: spring

Bloom Description: non-descript

Water: Medium

Maintenance: Low

Leaf: Evergreen

Attracts: Birds

Fruit: Showy

Other: Winter Interest

Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer


Abies balsamea | Larix laricina | Microbiota decussata Siberian Cypress or Russian Cypress | Picea abies Norway Spruce | Picea glauca White Spruce | Pinus resinosa Red Pine | Pinus strobus White Pine | Tsuga canadensis Canadian Hemlock