spruce is a small, narrow evergreen tree with a spire-like crown. It
has descending branches, with dark, bluish-green needles, and
upturned ends. Lower limbs sweep the ground. It is an excellent
choice for cold northern climates and tolerant of wet sites.
spruce, Bog spruce, Swamp spruce
tree (more than 40 feet),
sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
soil, Moist, well-drained soil, Wet soil
drought, Wet sites
or Form: Narrow,
30 to 50
feet high and 20 to 30 feet wide.
The tree is very narrow and
conical to spire-like with descending branches. Lower limbs sweep the
& Plant Care
best in cold northern climates. It may be stressed in warm
summers or below zone 6 temperatures.
The shallow, spreading root
system benefits from a 3-4” layer of organic mulch.
very little in the way of pruning.
pests, and problems
serious disease or insect problems but needle rusts and cankers can
Due to its shallow root system, black spruce is prone to
wind throw (uprooting by wind).
geographic location and habitat
to northern North America, from Newfoundland to Alaska, Pennsylvania,
Minnesota and central British Columbia
birds & butterflies
leaves and seeds are important wildlife food. Very valuable as
nesting sites for birds.
color and texture
dark gray, thin and scaly. As bark breaks into scales, the
inner green bark is revealed.
or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
green, stiff needles are attached singly to the stem, paler
cone, nut, and seed descriptions
cones are the smallest of all of the spruces, rounded to
spindle-shape, dark purple ripening red-brown, produced in dense
clusters in the top of the tree. Cones are known to persist for